The R Sound

The R Sound

R is one of the trickiest sounds to master.  This is because there are so many different ways it can be produced, depending upon which letters it is combined with. There are 32 variations of /r/ in all word positions in single words, phrases, and sentences!...
Vocabulary

Vocabulary

Teaching and learning vocabulary is a dynamic and multifaceted process.  There are endless opportunities to learn vocabulary as we go about our lives, both in structured and unstructured environments.  We can learn new words no matter where we are or what we...
Story Elements

Story Elements

No matter what age kids are, story elements are great skills to teach. Learning story elements helps kids with narrative language skills.  Story elements are: setting, characters, initiating and rising events/action, problem, climax, falling action/events,...
TH

TH

/th/ is one of the easier sounds to teach and learn since it is so visible. It can be tricky if kids are trying to master it too early, but once they are a little older (age 5 or 6) they can get the hang of it. Learning /th/ can get a little more complex if the child...
NG

NG

Kids typically produce the /ng/ sound between ages 2-3 .  It is no longer considered developmental by age 4.  If your child is still having difficulty producing /ng/ by age 4 then they need some help from a speech therapist to acquire the sound.  I will...
K and G

K and G

Kids are typically producing the /k/ and /g/ sounds by age 3 to 3 ½ .  It is no longer considered developmental in nature by age 3.  If your child is still having difficulty producing /k/ and /g/ by age 4 then they need some help from a speech therapist to...
Final L

Final L

L is one of the easier sounds to correct since it is visual.  We can see the tongue tip as it moves to the correct position in the mouth, and therefore make adjustments more easily.  L is no longer considered developmental by the age of 4, so if your child...
Minimal Pairs

Minimal Pairs

What Are Minimal Pairs? Minimal pairs are words that differ in only one phonological element. They are a useful way to highlight a sound in a meaningful context and also to show the child the importance of correct pronunciation. The words generally rhyme (fin/thin,...
ADD

ADD

Attention Deficit Disorder, whether inattentive, hyperactive or mixed type, is being diagnosed at an increasing rate in both children and adults. ADHD includes a combination of persistent problems, such as difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity and impulsive...
Emerging Literacy

Emerging Literacy

First Stages Children start learning language from the day they are born. As they grow and develop, their speech and language skills become increasingly complex. They learn to understand and use language to express their ideas, thoughts, feelings, and to communicate...